The History of Rome
The early years of Tiberius's reign were defined by his growing jealousy of his nephew/adopted son Germanicus. After winning victories on the far side of the Rhine, Germanicus was sent east, where in 19 AD he died under mysterious circumstances.
Direct download: 57-_Germanicus.mp3
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Direct download: 56-_The_King_is_Dead.mp3
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The Julio-Claudian family was rife with conflict, but nothing compared to the battle fought against the Germans in the Teutoburg Forest.
Direct download: 55-_Teutoburg_Nightmares.mp3
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Augustus promoted his steps sons Tiberius and Drusus to high office long before they were technically eligible. He hoped they would share power with him until Gaius and Lucius Caesar came of age, but Drusus died young and Tiberius went into self-imposed exile.
Direct download: 54-_All_In_The_Family.mp3
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After attaining power, Augustus set about reforming the Empire.
Direct download: 53-_Reigning_Supreme.mp3
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The Senate bestowed upon Octavian the title Caesar Augustus during the constitutional settlement of 27 BC. Four years later Augustus and the Senate altered their power sharing agreement.
Direct download: 52-_Caesar_Augustus.mp3
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On Sept 2, 31 BC Octavian defeated Antony at the Battle of Actium. Antony and Cleopatra fled back to Alexandria where they committed suicide the next year, following Octavian's invasion of Egypt.
Direct download: 51-_Actium.mp3
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After Antony failed to conquer Parthia, the Triumvirate partnership broke down, leading to a declaration of war.
Direct download: 50-_The_Donations_of_Alexandria.mp3
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After winning the Battle of Philippi Antony and Octavian divided the empire into two halves. Antony took control of the east where he formed an alliance with Cleopatra, while Octavian commanded the west.
Direct download: 49-Apollo_and_Dionysus.mp3
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In 43 BC Marc Antony, Octavian and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate. After initiating proscriptions to raise funds and purge their enemies, the Triumvirs headed east, where they defeated Brutus and Cassius at Philippi.

Direct download: 48-_The_Second_Triumvirate.mp3
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Caesar posthumously adopted his great nephew Gaius Octavius and the 19-year-old was thrust into the center of Roman politics. In the months following the assassination Octavian and Mark Antony vied for the support of the legions.
Direct download: 47-_Octavius-Octavian.mp3
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In the last months of his life, rumors swirled about Caesar's monarchical ambitions. On the Ides of March 44 BC, a group of Senators put the issue to rest by assassinating Caesar during a session of the Senate.
Direct download: 46-_Sic_Semper_Tyrannis.mp3
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Caesar took the overland route back from Egypt back to Rome and along the way pacified what little resistance he came across. After a brief stay in Italy he sailed for North Africa where he defeated the regrouped Republican army. Having emerged from the Civil War triumphant he returned to Rome and began his ambitious reform programs.
Direct download: 45-_The_End_Of_The_War.mp3
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Following a setback at Dyrrachium, Caesar decisively won the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC. After defeating Pompey, Caesar sailed for Alexandria, where settled a civil war by placing Cleopatra on the throne.
Direct download: 44-_Caesar_Triumphant.mp3
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In 49 BC Caesar led a single legion across the Rubicon River, sparking a civil war that would lead to the death of the Roman Republic.
Direct download: 43-_Insert_Well_Know_Idiom_Here.mp3
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While Caesar was fighting the Gallic Wars, events in Rome and beyond exacerbated the political tensions that would eventually lead to Civil War.
Direct download: 42-_Meanwhile_Back_in_Rome.mp3
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From 57-52 BC Caesar slowly conquered Gaul. Along the way he crossed into Germania twice and led the first Roman expedition to Britain. Finally, the last Gallic army was forced to surrender at Alesia.
Direct download: 41b-_The_Gallic_Wars.mp3
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After beginning his proconsulship of Cisalpine Gaul in 58 BC Caesar was asked to halt the advance of a migrating Celtic tribe. He managed to turn them around, but was immediately called to face an even deadlier threat at the banks of the Rhine River.
Direct download: 41a-_The_Gallic_Wars.mp3
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In 59 BC Julius Caesar served a controversial year in the consulship. He pressed for land and administrative reforms the conservative Senate opposed.
Direct download: 40-_In_the_Consulship_of_Julius_and_Caesar.mp3
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Julius Caesar had an eventful career on his way up the Cursus Honorum. He won the Civic Crown in Asia, was captured by pirates on his way to Rhodes, and served as Governor of Hispania Ulterior.

Direct download: 39-_The_Young_Julius_Caesar_Chronicles.mp3
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In 63 BC an embittered two-time consular candidate named Catiline conspired to overthrow the Roman government. He was stopped by Rome's greatest politician and orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero.
Direct download: 38-_The_Catiline_Conspiracy-_The_History_of_Rome.mp3
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After clearing the Mediterranean of pirates in 67 BC Pompey was put in charge of the war with Mithridates. He promptly conquered his way to Jerusalem.
Direct download: 37-_Go_East_Young_Man.mp3
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From 73-71 BC a gladiator named Spartacus led a slave revolt in southern Italy. Despite defeating the Romans on numerous occasions, the slave army was eventually defeated by Marcus Crassus (with an unsolicited assist from Pompey).
Direct download: 36-_I_Am_Spartacus.mp3
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After Sulla's death two men emerged as the vanguard of Rome's new political generation: Marcus Crassus who would become Rome's richest man and Pompey the Great, who would become Rome's greatest general. In a few years these two men would join forces with Julius Caesar to form the first Triumvirate.
Direct download: 35-_Crassus_and_Pompey.mp3
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Sulla returned from the east and after winning a short Civil War was made Dictator for Life. After purging his enemies and reorganizing the consitution he inexplicably stepped down in 80 BC.
Direct download: 34-_No_Greater_Friend_No_Worse_Enemy.mp3
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Direct download: 33-_Marius_and_Sulla.mp3
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Direct download: 32-_The_Social_War.mp3
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Direct download: 31b-_Marius.mp3
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Direct download: 31a-_Marius.mp3
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Direct download: 30-_Gaius_Gracchus.mp3
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Direct download: 29-_Tiberius_Gracchus.mp3
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Direct download: 28-_Taking_Stock.mp3
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Direct download: 27-_Mopping_Up.mp3
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Direct download: 26-_The_Third_Macedonian_War.mp3
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Direct download: 25-_The_Syrian_War.mp3
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Direct download: 24-_The_Second_Macedonian_War.mp3
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Direct download: 23e-_The_War_With_Hannibal.mp3
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Direct download: 23d-_The_War_With_Hannibal.mp3
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Direct download: 23c-_The_War_With_Hannibal.mp3
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Direct download: 23b-_The_War_With_Hannibal.mp3
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Direct download: 23a-_The_War_with_Hannibal.mp3
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Direct download: 22__Prelude_to_the_Second_Punic_War.mp3
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Direct download: 21-_Interbellum.mp3
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Direct download: 20b_The_First_Punic_War.mp3
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Direct download: 20a-_The_First_Punic_War.mp3
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It was inevitable that the Romans and Cartheginians would run into each other one day.
Direct download: 19-_Prelude_to_The_First_Punic_War.mp3
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Many of the traditions that surround modern Christmas have their roots in Saturnalia and the Feast of Sol Invictus.
Direct download: 18-_A_History_of_Rome_Christmas.mp3
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The Greek cities of southern Italy called on King Pyrrhus of Epirus to protect them from Roman encroachment. Though Pyrrhus was undefeated in battle, his victories were so costly that he was forced to withdraw from Italy in 275 BC, leaving Rome in control of Magna Graecia.
Direct download: 17-_Pyrrhic_Victories.mp3
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